Dates: 2008-2012; 2013-2017

Funding: National Research Foundation

SALDRU peopleMurray Leibbrandt (PI), Nicola Branson, Brendan Maughan-Brown, Vimal Ranchhod



The work of this Chair is focused on a sustained programme of research to measure and analyse the unfolding social dynamics within contemporary South Africa with particular attention being devoted to poverty and inequality dynamics. This programme of research and capacity building is anchored in the production and analysis of panel data with particular emphasis on the Cape Area Panel Study and the National Income Dynamics Study.

This Chair fully funds the salary of the Chair holder and his work. Each year, its scholarship programme (augmented by running costs) funds a post-doctoral fellow, 2 PhD students, 2 Master's students, 2 Honours students and 2 staff development grants for 2 members of staff of the School of Economics to help them to complete their PhDs. The running costs of the Chair fund conference attendance and training opportunities for students and contribute to SALDRU's administrative costs and to equipment purchases for SALDRU researchers. 



Educational Inheritance and the Distribution of Occupations: Evidence from South Africa
Keswell, M., Girdwood, S. & Leibbrandt, M. (2013). The review of income and wealth, 59(S1): S111-S137.

Unconditional cash transfers in South Africa
Woolard, I. & Leibbrandt, M. (2013) in Sepulveda, C., Harrison, A. & Yifu Lin, J. (eds.) Annual World Bank conference on Development Economics 2011: Development challenges in a post-crisis world. World Bank Publications.



Describing and decomposing post-apartheid inequality in South Africa
Leibbrandt, M., Finn, A. & Woolard, I. (2012). Development Southern Africa, 29(1): 19-34.

Minimum Wages and Household Poverty: General Equilibrium Macro-Micro Simulations for South Africa
Pauw, K. and Leibbrandt, M. (2012). World Development, 40(4): 771-783. 

Post-apartheid changes in South African inequality
Leibbrandt, M., Finn, A. & Woolard, I. (2012) in Gornick, J. & Jäntti, M. "Income Inequality: Economic Disparities and the Middle Class in Affluent Countries". Palo Alto: Stanford University Press.



Schooling as a lottery: Racial differences in school advancement in urban South Africa
Lam, D., Ardington, C. & Leibbrandt, M. (2011). Journal of Development Economics, 95(2): 121-136.

Labour Market Restructuring and South Africa’s Rural Homeland Communities in the 1980s
Leibbrandt, M. (2011). Economic History of Developing Areas, 26(1).

Can Out-of-Pocket Health Financing be Fair? Empirical Evidence from Nigeria
Fonta, W., Ichoku, H. & Leibbrandt, M. (2011). Asian-African Journal of Economics and Econometrics, 11(1): 163-185.

Explaining the Persistence of Racial Gaps in Schooling in South Africa
Ardington, C., Branson, N., Lam, D. & Leibbrandt, M. (2011). African Population Studies, 25(2): 509-542.



Free Education and Social Inequality in Ugandan Primary Schools: A Step Backward or a Step in the Right Direction?
Zuze, Tia L. & Leibbrandt, M. (2010). International Journal of Educational Development, 31(2): 169-178. 

Youth Unemployment in South Africa: Challenges, Concepts and Opportunities
Mlatsheni, C. & Leibbrandt, M. (2010). Journal of International Relations, 14(1): 118-126. 

Introduction to the Special Edition on the South African National Income Dynamics Study
Leibbrandt, M., Ranchhod, V. & Woolard, I. (2010). Journal for Studies in Economics and Econometrics, 34(3): 1-5. 

The South African National Income Dynamics Study: Design and Methodological Issues
Woolard, I., Leibbrandt, M. & de Villiers, L. (2010). Journal for Studies in Economics and Econometrics, 34(3): 7-24.

Changes In Income Poverty Over the Post-Apartheid Period: An Analysis Based on Data from the 1993 Project for Statistics on Living Standards and Development and the 2008 Base Wave of the National Income Dynamics Study
Leibbrandt, M., Woolard, I., Finn, A. & Argent, J. (2010). Journal for Studies in Economics and Econometrics, 34(3): 25-43.

Orphanhood and Schooling in South Africa: Trends in the Vulnerability of Orphans Between 1993 and 2005
Ardington, C. & Leibbrandt, M. (2010). Economic Development and Cultural Change, 58(3): 507-536

The impact of AIDS on intergenerational support in South Africa: Evidence from the Cape Area Panel Study
Ardington, C., Case, A., Islam, M., Lam, D., Leibbrandt, M. & Menendez, A. (2010). Research on Aging, 32(1): 97-121.

Incomes in South Africa after the Fall of Apartheid
Leibbrandt, M., Levinsohn, J. & McCrary, J. (2010). Journal of Globalization and Development, 1(1): Article 2.



Linking Poverty and Income Shocks to Risky Sexual Behaviour: Evidence from a Panel Study of Young Adults in Cape Town
Dinkelman, T., Lam, D. and Leibbrandt, M. (2008). South African Journal of Economics, 76(1): S52-S74. 

Magnitudes, Personal Characteristics and Activities of Eastern Cape Migrants: A Comparison with Other Migrants and with Non-migrants Using Data from the 1996 and 2001 Censuses
Naidoo, N., Leibbrandt, M. & Dorrington, R. (2008). South African Journal of Demography, 11(1): 3-38.

Other writing


Education quality and labour market outcomes in South Africa
Branson, N & Leibbrandt M. (2013) OECD Working Paper 1021.

Educational attainment and labour market outcomes in South Africa
Branson, N & Leibbrandt M. (2013). OECD Working Paper 1022.

Moving out and moving in: evidence of short-term household change in South Africa from the National Income Dynamics Study
Grieger, L., Williamson, A., Leibbrandt, M. & Levinsohn, J. (2013). SALDRU Working Paper #106.

What happened to multi-dimensional poverty between 1993 and 2010?
Finn, A., Leibbrandt, M., & Woolard, I. (2013). SALDRU Working Paper #99.

New evidence on subjective wellbeing and the definition of unemployment in South Africa
Lloyd, N. & Leibbrandt, M. (2013). SALDRU Working Paper #94.



Trends in South African Income Distribution and Poverty Since the Fall of Apartheid
Leibbrandt, M., Woolard, I., Finn, A. & Argent, J. (2010). OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers

In the media

While emerging economies boom, equality goes bust

28 May 2014 | Mara Hvistendahl, Sciencemag 

Science articleA wave of longitudinal studies tracking income and other metrics has helped to flesh out the picture of economic growth and inequality in developing countries like Indonesia, South Africa, India and China. Those studies reveal growing inequality, which itself may stymie further growth because poor people without access to good education cannot contribute to economies to their full potential. It also appears that cultural factors influence how governments react, and whether citizens accept what seems to be an inevitable march towards greater inequality, or protest it. Access the online article or download the pdf PDF (2.23 MB) .

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